Posts Tagged StoredProcedure

Invoke a Web Service Method From A SQL Stored Procedure

No this wasn’t my idea. The company I am currently am contracting for has quite a bit of its infrastructure wrapped up in web services. I needed to invoke a method of one of these services in a stored procedure. So this is the story of how to do that….

First we need to modify the web.config file for your web service. This code should go under .

<webServices>
       <protocols>
         <add name="HttpGet"/>
         <add name="HttpPost"/>
       </protocols>
     </webServices>

Next we need to make sure your SQL Server will allow you to make this kind of call. You will need elevated permissions to run this script. Before you allow your SQL Server to access functions outside of SQL Server consider this. But since I had no choice in this situation in your SQL Server Management Studio query window paste the following:

exec sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1
go
reconfigure
go
exec sp_configure 'Ole Automation Procedures', 1 -- Enable
-- exec sp_configure 'Ole Automation Procedures', 0 -- Disable
go
reconfigure
go
exec sp_configure 'show advanced options', 0
go
reconfigure
go

Next we will want to write the stored procedure itself. Note in your web service address it is important to end the address with a question mark. (?).

USE [DATABASENAMEHERE]
GO

/****** Object:  StoredProcedure [dbo].[Web_Service_Invoke]     ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO

-- =============================================
-- Author:        <Kelly Martens>
-- Create date: <4/23/2018>
-- Description:    <Stored Procedure to invoke web service method>
-- =============================================
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[Web_Service_Invoke]
     -- Add the parameters for the stored procedure here
    
AS
DECLARE @obj Integer
DECLARE @sUrl varchar(200)
DECLARE @response varchar(8000)
SET @sURL = 'http://webserviceaddress.asmx/MethodName?'
EXEC sp_OACreate 'MSXML2.ServerXMLhttp',@obj OUT
EXEC sp_OAMethod @obj,'Open',NULL,'GET',@sURL,false
EXEC sp_OAMethod @obj,'send'
EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @obj,'responsetext',@response OUT
SELECT @response [response]
EXEC sp_OADestroy @obj
RETURN

If in the event you have parameters you need to pass to the procedure do this:

Param1=’ + @value + '’

When  you call this stored procedure, the output of the method called, the HTML of the page, will be returned to you, looking something like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  <string xmlns="http://tempuri.org/">COMPLETE</string>

Should your permissions not have been configured properly or there is an error in the web service itself, it will also let you know.

Finally let me emphasize again, this is NOT the optimal way to do this. You should be using a WCF service, using SQL CLR and not monkeying about with your permissions. But this is available if you need it.

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Class to Simplify and Minimize Code for Stored Procedures and TSQL

First of all if you are using TSQL in your code you really need to get in a another line of work. It isn’t scalable, difficult to maintain and is generally a bad practice. But I know some of you still do it so I did include it. This class will allow you to in a few lines of code do your select, update, insert or delete statements in a very few lines of code. All that is required of the developer is to list the values in order (if you are using stored procedures) that are required. Also included is how to declare a new instance of a sqlparametercollection – which you aren’t suppose to be able to do. I ended up not needing it but included it just in case someone needs to do that someday. Also if you are using a strongly typed dataset there is a method included of how to do that. After the code is example of usage. Have a great day!

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;

using System.IO;

using System.Data.SqlClient;

public class clsData
{

    public SqlConnection sqlconn = new SqlConnection();
    public string Error_Message;
    public List<SqlParameter> ParamList = new List<SqlParameter>();
    public ArrayList ParamValues = new ArrayList();

    public int SQLExecuteNonQueryValue;
    public clsData()
   

    public enum SQLAction
    {
        SelectAction,
        UpdateInsertDeleteAction
    }

    public virtual DataTable DataAction(clsData.SQLAction Action, DataTable dt, string cmdtext, string ParamValues = “”)
    {
        SQLExecuteNonQueryValue = -1;
        SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
        cmd.CommandText = cmdtext;
        cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
        cmd.Connection = sqlconn;
        this.GetParameterList(cmdtext);
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(Error_Message)) {
            return null;
        }
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(ParamValues)) {
            this.ParseSQLParameterValues(ParamValues);
            for (i = 0; i <= this.ParamList.Count – 1; i++) {
                cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue(this.ParamList[i].ToString(), this.ParamValues[i].ToString());
            }
        }
        //Debug.WriteLine(cmd.CommandText)
        try {
            cmd.Connection.Open();
            switch (Action) {
                case SQLAction.SelectAction:
                    dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader());
                    break;
                case SQLAction.UpdateInsertDeleteAction:
                    //Check this value to make sure everything went ok
                    SQLExecuteNonQueryValue = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    cmd.Connection.Close();
                    return null;
            }
            cmd.Connection.Close();

        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Error_Message = “There was a problem with ” + cmdtext + “. “;
            return null;
        }

        //removing duplicate table from dataset
        for (i = 0; i <= ds_Copy.Tables.Count – 1; i++) {
            if (ds_Copy.Tables(i).TableName == dt.TableName) {
                ds_Copy.Tables(i).Clear();
                ds_Copy.Tables(i).Columns.Clear();
            }
        }

        //placing datatable in the dataset
        ds_Copy.Merge(dt, false, MissingSchemaAction.Add);
        Error_Message = “”;
        return dt;
    }

    public DataTable DataActionTSQL(clsData.SQLAction Action, DataTable dt, string sqlstring)
    {
        SQLExecuteNonQueryValue = -1;
        SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
        cmd.CommandText = sqlstring;
        cmd.Connection = sqlconn;
        try {
            cmd.Connection.Open();
            switch (Action) {
                case SQLAction.SelectAction:
                    dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader());
                    break;
                case SQLAction.UpdateInsertDeleteAction:
                    //Check this value to make sure everything went ok
                    SQLExecuteNonQueryValue = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    cmd.Connection.Close();
                    return null;
            }
            cmd.Connection.Close();

        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Error_Message = “There was a problem with ” + sqlstring + “. “;
            return null;
        }
        //removing duplicate table from dataset
        for (i = 0; i <= ds_Copy.Tables.Count – 1; i++) {
            if (ds_Copy.Tables(i).TableName == dt.TableName) {
                ds_Copy.Tables(i).Clear();
                ds_Copy.Tables(i).Columns.Clear();
            }
        }
        //placing datatable in the dataset
        ds_Copy.Merge(dt, false, MissingSchemaAction.Add);
        Error_Message = “”;
        return dt;
    }

    private List<SqlParameter> GetParameterList(string ProcName)
    {
        //Get the parameters for the selected stored procedure
        List<SqlParameter> inputParamList = new List<SqlParameter>();
        ParamList.Clear();

        using (SqlConnection cn = new SqlConnection()) {
            DispatcherTool.My.MySettings Settings = new DispatcherTool.My.MySettings();
            cn.ConnectionString = Settings.SRAConnectionString;
            SqlCommand myCommand = new SqlCommand();
            myCommand.Connection = cn;
            myCommand.CommandText = ProcName;
            myCommand.CommandType = System.Data.CommandType.StoredProcedure;
            try {
                cn.Open();
                SqlCommandBuilder.DeriveParameters(myCommand);
                cn.Close();
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                Error_Message = “There was a problem with the connection to the database.”;
                return null;
            }

            //Dim sqlparams As SqlParameterCollection = DirectCast(GetType(SqlParameterCollection).GetConstructor(BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Instance, Nothing, Type.EmptyTypes, Nothing).Invoke(Nothing), SqlParameterCollection)

            foreach (SqlParameter param in myCommand.Parameters) {
                if (param.Direction == System.Data.ParameterDirection.Input || param.Direction == System.Data.ParameterDirection.InputOutput) {
                    //sqlparams.Add(param.ParameterName & ” – ” & param.SqlDbType.ToString())
                    //Debug.WriteLine(param.ParameterName & ” – ” & param.SqlDbType.ToString())
                    inputParamList.Add(param);
                    //Else
                    // sqlparams.Add(param.ParameterName & ” – ” & param.SqlDbType)
                    //Debug.WriteLine(param.ParameterName & ” -2 ” & param.SqlDbType)
                }
            }
        }
        this.ParamList = inputParamList;
        Error_Message = “”;
        return this.ParamList;
    }

    public void ParseSQLParameterValues(string ValueString)
    {
        ParamValues.Clear();
        string[] parts = ValueString.Split(new char[] { ‘,’ });
        string part = null;
        foreach (string part_loopVariable in parts) {
            part = part_loopVariable;
            ParamValues.Add(part);
        }
    }

    //’Public Shared Function ConvertToTypedDataTable(Of T As {Data.DataTable, New})(ByVal dtBase As Data.DataTable) As T
    //’    Dim dtTyped As New T
    //’    dtTyped.Merge(dtBase)
    //’    Return dtTyped
    //’End Function

}

And then it’s use…..

private void Button1_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    Strongly_Typed_DataSet.usp_Your_Stored_Procedure dt = new Strongly_Typed_DataSet.usp_Your_Stored_Procedure();

    DataGridView1.DataSource = cn.DataAction(clsData.SQLAction.SelectAction, dt, ds.usp_Get_PrinterName_for_PickList_Printing.ToString, “Tubing”);

    //DataGridView1.DataSource = cn.DataActionTSQL(clsData.SQLAction.SelectAction, dt, “SELECT *FROM Your_Table”)

}


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