Posts Tagged Tables

Class to Simplify and Minimize Code for Stored Procedures and TSQL

First of all if you are using TSQL in your code you really need to get in a another line of work. It isn’t scalable, difficult to maintain and is generally a bad practice. But I know some of you still do it so I did include it. This class will allow you to in a few lines of code do your select, update, insert or delete statements in a very few lines of code. All that is required of the developer is to list the values in order (if you are using stored procedures) that are required. Also included is how to declare a new instance of a sqlparametercollection – which you aren’t suppose to be able to do. I ended up not needing it but included it just in case someone needs to do that someday. Also if you are using a strongly typed dataset there is a method included of how to do that. After the code is example of usage. Have a great day!

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;

using System.IO;

using System.Data.SqlClient;

public class clsData
{

    public SqlConnection sqlconn = new SqlConnection();
    public string Error_Message;
    public List<SqlParameter> ParamList = new List<SqlParameter>();
    public ArrayList ParamValues = new ArrayList();

    public int SQLExecuteNonQueryValue;
    public clsData()
   

    public enum SQLAction
    {
        SelectAction,
        UpdateInsertDeleteAction
    }

    public virtual DataTable DataAction(clsData.SQLAction Action, DataTable dt, string cmdtext, string ParamValues = “”)
    {
        SQLExecuteNonQueryValue = -1;
        SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
        cmd.CommandText = cmdtext;
        cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
        cmd.Connection = sqlconn;
        this.GetParameterList(cmdtext);
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(Error_Message)) {
            return null;
        }
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(ParamValues)) {
            this.ParseSQLParameterValues(ParamValues);
            for (i = 0; i <= this.ParamList.Count – 1; i++) {
                cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue(this.ParamList[i].ToString(), this.ParamValues[i].ToString());
            }
        }
        //Debug.WriteLine(cmd.CommandText)
        try {
            cmd.Connection.Open();
            switch (Action) {
                case SQLAction.SelectAction:
                    dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader());
                    break;
                case SQLAction.UpdateInsertDeleteAction:
                    //Check this value to make sure everything went ok
                    SQLExecuteNonQueryValue = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    cmd.Connection.Close();
                    return null;
            }
            cmd.Connection.Close();

        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Error_Message = “There was a problem with ” + cmdtext + “. “;
            return null;
        }

        //removing duplicate table from dataset
        for (i = 0; i <= ds_Copy.Tables.Count – 1; i++) {
            if (ds_Copy.Tables(i).TableName == dt.TableName) {
                ds_Copy.Tables(i).Clear();
                ds_Copy.Tables(i).Columns.Clear();
            }
        }

        //placing datatable in the dataset
        ds_Copy.Merge(dt, false, MissingSchemaAction.Add);
        Error_Message = “”;
        return dt;
    }

    public DataTable DataActionTSQL(clsData.SQLAction Action, DataTable dt, string sqlstring)
    {
        SQLExecuteNonQueryValue = -1;
        SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
        cmd.CommandText = sqlstring;
        cmd.Connection = sqlconn;
        try {
            cmd.Connection.Open();
            switch (Action) {
                case SQLAction.SelectAction:
                    dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader());
                    break;
                case SQLAction.UpdateInsertDeleteAction:
                    //Check this value to make sure everything went ok
                    SQLExecuteNonQueryValue = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    cmd.Connection.Close();
                    return null;
            }
            cmd.Connection.Close();

        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Error_Message = “There was a problem with ” + sqlstring + “. “;
            return null;
        }
        //removing duplicate table from dataset
        for (i = 0; i <= ds_Copy.Tables.Count – 1; i++) {
            if (ds_Copy.Tables(i).TableName == dt.TableName) {
                ds_Copy.Tables(i).Clear();
                ds_Copy.Tables(i).Columns.Clear();
            }
        }
        //placing datatable in the dataset
        ds_Copy.Merge(dt, false, MissingSchemaAction.Add);
        Error_Message = “”;
        return dt;
    }

    private List<SqlParameter> GetParameterList(string ProcName)
    {
        //Get the parameters for the selected stored procedure
        List<SqlParameter> inputParamList = new List<SqlParameter>();
        ParamList.Clear();

        using (SqlConnection cn = new SqlConnection()) {
            DispatcherTool.My.MySettings Settings = new DispatcherTool.My.MySettings();
            cn.ConnectionString = Settings.SRAConnectionString;
            SqlCommand myCommand = new SqlCommand();
            myCommand.Connection = cn;
            myCommand.CommandText = ProcName;
            myCommand.CommandType = System.Data.CommandType.StoredProcedure;
            try {
                cn.Open();
                SqlCommandBuilder.DeriveParameters(myCommand);
                cn.Close();
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                Error_Message = “There was a problem with the connection to the database.”;
                return null;
            }

            //Dim sqlparams As SqlParameterCollection = DirectCast(GetType(SqlParameterCollection).GetConstructor(BindingFlags.NonPublic Or BindingFlags.Instance, Nothing, Type.EmptyTypes, Nothing).Invoke(Nothing), SqlParameterCollection)

            foreach (SqlParameter param in myCommand.Parameters) {
                if (param.Direction == System.Data.ParameterDirection.Input || param.Direction == System.Data.ParameterDirection.InputOutput) {
                    //sqlparams.Add(param.ParameterName & ” – ” & param.SqlDbType.ToString())
                    //Debug.WriteLine(param.ParameterName & ” – ” & param.SqlDbType.ToString())
                    inputParamList.Add(param);
                    //Else
                    // sqlparams.Add(param.ParameterName & ” – ” & param.SqlDbType)
                    //Debug.WriteLine(param.ParameterName & ” -2 ” & param.SqlDbType)
                }
            }
        }
        this.ParamList = inputParamList;
        Error_Message = “”;
        return this.ParamList;
    }

    public void ParseSQLParameterValues(string ValueString)
    {
        ParamValues.Clear();
        string[] parts = ValueString.Split(new char[] { ‘,’ });
        string part = null;
        foreach (string part_loopVariable in parts) {
            part = part_loopVariable;
            ParamValues.Add(part);
        }
    }

    //’Public Shared Function ConvertToTypedDataTable(Of T As {Data.DataTable, New})(ByVal dtBase As Data.DataTable) As T
    //’    Dim dtTyped As New T
    //’    dtTyped.Merge(dtBase)
    //’    Return dtTyped
    //’End Function

}

And then it’s use…..

private void Button1_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    Strongly_Typed_DataSet.usp_Your_Stored_Procedure dt = new Strongly_Typed_DataSet.usp_Your_Stored_Procedure();

    DataGridView1.DataSource = cn.DataAction(clsData.SQLAction.SelectAction, dt, ds.usp_Get_PrinterName_for_PickList_Printing.ToString, “Tubing”);

    //DataGridView1.DataSource = cn.DataActionTSQL(clsData.SQLAction.SelectAction, dt, “SELECT *FROM Your_Table”)

}


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Databind ComboBox with WPF and C#

Its been a while my apologies. I have been extremely busy.

This topic came up because in existing applications data binding at design time was heavily used. I personally avoid such data binding as much as possible because well in all honesty it causes me a lot of problems later on. I realize many of you live and die with it. So don’t take it personally.

So I am converting one of these apps to XAML and WPF. They insisted I maintain a ComboBox databind. As many of you know data binding has changed a bit in WPF from your standard application. I created a property to bind the ComboBox to. I set the DataContext of the page to itself, which I like to do. It lets me expose various properties and quickly bind to them. Have a great weekend!

XAML
—-
        <ComboBox
            Height=”23″
            HorizontalAlignment=”Left”
            Margin=”10,10,0,0″
            Name=”comboBox1″
            VerticalAlignment=”Top”
            Width=”120″
            ItemsSource=”{Binding MyDataColumns}”
            DisplayMemberPath=”ColumnName”
            />
 
CODE BEHIND
—-
 
public partial class Window1 : Window
{
    public Window1()
    {
        InitializeComponent();
        LoadData();
        DataContext = this;
    }
 
    private DataTable _dataTable = null;
 
    private void LoadData()
    {
        SqlConnection cn = null;
        SqlCommand cmd = null;
        SqlDataAdapter adapter = null;
        DataSet dataSet = null;
 
        try
        {
            cn = new SqlConnection(“Data Source=MyMachine;Initial Catalog=MyDb;Integrated Security=True”);
            cmd = new SqlCommand(“select top 1 * from MyTable”, cn);
            adapter = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
            dataSet = new DataSet();
 
            adapter.Fill(dataSet);
 
            _dataTable = dataSet.Tables[0];
        }
        finally
        {
            if (cmd != null)
                cmd.Dispose();
 
            if (adapter != null)
                adapter.Dispose();
 
            if (dataSet != null)
                dataSet.Dispose();
 
            if (cn != null)
                cn.Dispose();
        }           
    }
 
    public IEnumerable MyDataColumns
    {
        get
        {
            return (IEnumerable)_dataTable.Columns;
        }
    }
}

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Write DataTable to an MS Word Table Efficiently with C# using a Dynamic Type

This is a C# adaptation of the code I wrote to write a datatable to a Microsoft Word document table for vb.net . But that doesn’t really begin to tell the story here. In vb.net we have been accustomed to being allowed to leave parameters empty when automating the creation of a table in Microsoft Word. C# has not permitted me that luxury which to be honest is probably a better code practice. So prepare to meet the Type.Missing object! In addition the default item that we learned to love/hate in Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) code years ago also is not used in C#. Finally in declaring the range object for the table it became an opportunity to use the new dynamic reference type keyword, which was designed for such situations. Check out this video on the subject which is quite excellent.

http://channel9.msdn.com/Shows/Going+Deep/Inside-C-40-dynamic-type-optional-parameters-more-COM-friendly/player?w=512&h=288

For these reasons you will see key differences between the two sets of code. Don’t forget to import Microsoft Word as a COM reference and do your import statements. As always feel free to comment or email. Have a great day!

using Office = Microsoft.Office.Core;
using Word = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word;

public void CreateWordTableWithDataTable(DataTable dt)
        {
            int RowCount = dt.Rows.Count; int ColumnCount = dt.Columns.Count;
            Object[,] DataArray = new object[RowCount + 1, ColumnCount + 1];
            //int RowCount = 0; int ColumnCount = 0;
            int r = 0;
            for (int c = 0; c <= ColumnCount – 1; c++)
            {
                DataArray[r, c] = dt.Columns[c].ColumnName;
                for (r = 0; r <= RowCount – 1; r++)
                {
                    DataArray[r, c] = dt.Rows[r][c];
                } //end row loop
            } //end column loop

            Word.Document oDoc = new Word.Document();
            oDoc.Application.Visible = true;
            oDoc.PageSetup.Orientation = Word.WdOrientation.wdOrientLandscape;
           
            dynamic oRange = oDoc.Content.Application.Selection.Range;
            String oTemp = “”;
            for (r = 0; r <= RowCount – 1; r++)
            {
                for (int c = 0; c <= ColumnCount – 1; c++)
                {
                    oTemp = oTemp + DataArray[r, c] + “\t”;
                  
                }
            }

oRange.Text = oTemp;
           
object Separator = Word.WdTableFieldSeparator.wdSeparateByTabs;
object Format = Word.WdTableFormat.wdTableFormatWeb1;
object ApplyBorders = true;
object AutoFit = true;

object AutoFitBehavior = Word.WdAutoFitBehavior.wdAutoFitContent;
            oRange.ConvertToTable(ref Separator,
        ref RowCount, ref ColumnCount, Type.Missing, ref Format,
        ref ApplyBorders, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing,
         Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing,
         Type.Missing, ref AutoFit, ref AutoFitBehavior,
         Type.Missing);
           
            oRange.Select();
            oDoc.Application.Selection.Tables[1].Select();
            oDoc.Application.Selection.Tables[1].Rows.AllowBreakAcrossPages = 0;
            oDoc.Application.Selection.Tables[1].Rows.Alignment = 0;
            oDoc.Application.Selection.Tables[1].Rows[1].Select();
            oDoc.Application.Selection.InsertRowsAbove(1);
            oDoc.Application.Selection.Tables[1].Rows[1].Select();

            //gotta do the header row manually
            for (int c = 0; c <= ColumnCount – 1; c++)
            {
               oDoc.Application.Selection.Tables[1].Cell(1, c + 1).Range.Text = dt.Columns[c].ColumnName;
            }

            oDoc.Application.Selection.Tables[1].Rows[1].Select();
            oDoc.Application.Selection.Cells.VerticalAlignment = Word.WdCellVerticalAlignment.wdCellAlignVerticalCenter;
                      
                    }

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Write Data From DataTable To Excel With an Array Using C#

This is actually a redo of code written in vb.net a while back that dumps data from a datatable in a dataset into an excel spreadsheet in an effective and fast manner. I am always getting asked how to do this in C# so I decided to put that up today. Yes, I do C# too! Just didn’t want to admit it….

It’s pretty self explanatory. Don’t forget to clean up your excel instance when done. If you have any questions please feel free to send me an email.

Import an excel reference and at the top of your code you need your import statements. Then simply pass your dataset and datatable (granted you could just pass the datatable – I had my reasons for passing the dataset too at the time) to the method. The array is declared as an object because sometimes the compiler has to deal with unforeseen data issues that might arise and it has been effective for me to do let it handle those situations as they arise. I hope you find this useful.

using Excel = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
using Office = Microsoft.Office.Core;

public void CreateSpreadSheetFromDataSet(DataSet ds, DataTable dt)
        {

            Excel.Application Excel = new Excel.Application();
            Excel.Visible = true;
            Excel.Worksheet WSheet = new Excel.Worksheet();
            Excel.Workbooks.Add();
            WSheet = Excel.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet;
            int rows = ds.Tables[dt.TableName].Rows.Count;
            int columns = ds.Tables[dt.TableName].Columns.Count;
            int r = 0; int c = 0;
            object[,] DataArray = new object[rows + 1, columns + 1];
            for (c = 0; c <= columns – 1; c++)
            {
                DataArray[r, c] = ds.Tables[dt.TableName].Columns[c].ColumnName;
                for (r = 0; r <= rows – 1; r++)
                {
                    DataArray[r, c] = ds.Tables[dt.TableName].Rows[r][c];
                } //end row loop
            } //end column loop

//actually write array to Excel Spreadsheet
            WSheet.Range[“A2”].Resize[rows, columns].Value = DataArray;

            //write header row to spreadsheet
            int DataTableColumnCounter;
            int ExcelColumnCounter = 1; //excel spreadsheets start at 1 when counting columns not zero!
            for (DataTableColumnCounter = 0; DataTableColumnCounter <= ds.Tables[dt.TableName].Columns.Count – 1; DataTableColumnCounter++)
            {
                WSheet.Cells[1, ExcelColumnCounter].Value = ds.Tables[dt.TableName].Columns[DataTableColumnCounter].ColumnName;
                ExcelColumnCounter = ExcelColumnCounter + 1; //moving to next column
            }
        }

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